COMMON MESSIANIC TERMS - WORDS OF HEBREW

Hebraic, or "Jewish", words are often used, mostly just here and there, during teaching service and some general conversations.
However, you will also be glad to know that a few of the most quoted prayers & blessings and worship songs sung are to be found upon this page!

Why speak or sing in Hebrew?
For one, to use more correct, accurate and proper forms of words, out of reverent respect for our God, the Father, and Messiah, the Son.
For another, simply because there is no other and no better way, as it comes from our Hebrew roots of tradition.
Furthermore, for Jewish Messianics, this shows loving respect due from gentile Messianics, while demonstrating proper reverence.
While one does not have to know Hebrew, in order to attend services and events or become a member of Messiah's spiritual body, 
Hebrew is a beautiful language and becoming familiar with the most common terms will prepare one for better understanding and, 
thus, make one feel much more comfortable hearing Hebrew words spoken, being familiar with or knowing them.
Besides, our Messiah was born a Hebrew and practiced Judaism, and perfectly!
It was and is the primary, spiritual language of our Lord.

FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE HEBREW LANGUAGE, SEE OUR STUDY TOOLS PAGE.


A GLOSSARY

Please help me add more words.  Send to Missouri.Messianics@Live.com .  Toda Rava! 

 WORDS AND SPOKEN VERSES

English                                            Hebrew

 GOD                                                        EL, or ELOHIYM

 The NAME                                                         Ha'SHEM

 "Jehovah"                                                            YHWH*

 FATHER                                                                 ABBA

 CHRIST                                       MESSIAH, or Ha'MASSIACH

 JESUS                                                            YAHSHUA*

 LORD                                                                 ADONAI

THE LAW of GOD                                                    TORAH

 OLD TESTAMENT                                    TORAH & TANAKH 

 NEW TESTAMENT                                      B'RIT HADASHAH

 BAPTISM                                                             MIKVAH

 REPENTANCE                                                   TESHUVAH

 HOLY                                                                KADOSH

 SPIRIT                                                                 RUAcH

 SHALOM                                                [Spiritual] PEACE

 SABBATH                                                         SHABBOT

 NEW YEAR                   ROSH Ha'SHANAH (Head of the Year)

 TRUMPET                                                      SHOFAR ->>

 DISCUSSION / DEBATE                                         MIDRASH

 COMMANDMENT                                                 MITZVAH

 TOV                                                                    GOOD

 MORNING                                                            BOKER

 DAY                                                                       YOM

 EVENING                                                                EREV

 NIGHT                                                                  LAILA

 EARTH                                                                 ERETZ

 PASSOVER                                                          PESACH

 FEAST of UNLEAVENED BREAD                     HAG Ha'MATZAH

 FIRST FRUITS                                                    BIKKURIM

 FEAST OF WEEKS / PENTECOST                            SHAVOUT

 FEAST / DAY OF TRUMPETS                            YOM TERUAH

 DAY OF ATONEMENT                                      YOM KIPPUR

 FEAST OF TABERNACLES / BOOTHS                         SUKKOT

 BRAIDED BREAD                                                  CHALLAH

 YARMULKE / KIPPA                     SMALL ROUND "SKULL" CAP

 SHAWL / HEAD COVERING                                       TALLIT

 FRINGE [of gathered/woven together threads]         TZITZIT


JEWISH & MESSIANIC SONGS

THE 
SHOFAR
Psalm 81:3

Special events (ie. Festivals) begin with the blowing of the shofar (ram's horn).

In the Book of Revelations, the seven "trumpets" are actually seven shofars.

CLICK ON THESE LINKS FOR VIDEOS

TYPES OF TRUMPETING SHOFAR BLASTS
Shva’rim – A teki’ah broken into three segments
Teruah – Nine rapid fire blasts
Tekiah Gedolah – A triple teki’ah lasting at least nine seconds, 
though many shofar blowers will attempt to go significantly longer, 
which the audience loves.

CLICK UPON THESE LINKS FOR AUDIO
Shofar sounding the Tekiah: the "blast," one long blast with a clear tone.
Shofar sounding the Shevarim: a "broken," sighing sound of three short calls.
The Teruah: the "alarm", a rapid series of nine or more very short notes.
The Tekiah Gedolah: "the great Tekiah," a single unbroken blast, held as long as possible.
A combination of Tekiah, Shevarim, Teruah, ending with a Tekiah Gedolah.


A shofar is sounded for 4 reasons.
1. Announce and welcome the arrival of unexpected visitors and invited, special guests.
2 Sound an alarm of attack and going into battle and celebrate proclaimed victory.
3. Call for worship assembly, also using the silver trumpets.
4. Signal a sacrifice.

Non-Use
(See Numbers 10:7)

Times when blown as a wake up call to repentance and assembly.
  Rosh HaShanah (New Year) and Yom Teruah, which means “day of the shofar blast”. 
The shofar is blown one hundred times on each of the two days of Rosh Ha'Shanah.

It is a commandment to blow the shofar on Rosh Ha'Shanah.
( Lev.23:24, Num.29:1
There are four specific shofar blasts associated with this holiday, or Holy Day(s).
When one of the days of Rosh HaShanah falls on Shabbat, however, the shofar is not blown.

The 
shofar should be sounded during the day only, and not at night
The mitzvah (commandment or righteous deed) can be fulfilled from sunrise until sunset.

ABRAM / Abba Ram
ABRAHAM
Due to the story of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his own son, Issak,
yet whose life was spared by God - a ram provided - the sounding of the shofar is also associated as praising God for such wonderful and merciful forgiveness! 
 Especially as God provided the sacrificial, perfect Lamb for sacrifice as  
a sign of God's mercy / grace and for our forgiveness of trespasses, later, in Messiah. 
By extension, it is also viewed as a sound that calls
out to God as a reminder to forgive us of our sins.

It is said that God is willing to forgive all those whom hear the shofars. 


There are two, basic types of shofars, or ram's horns, shown below.
~ Some animal horns are forbidden for use. ~
The popular Yemenite (left) and Sefardic style (right).

the
Sh'ma

(shehmah)

יִשְרָאֵל‎

This is the first song, or psalm, taught to and learned by Hebrew children.
However, it is not at all a mere children's song. It is one of the oldest of all, 
traditional Hebrew songs and is as extremely beautiful as it is reverent. 
It is a solemn, yet very uplifting praise song, glorifying Adonai 
and is sung, by tradition, facing Jerusalem, or the place of the sunrise 
(the rising Morning Star), the East. 

Sh'ma means "HEAR", or wake up, take notice, listen closely, carefully intently, loud and clearly!

Deuteronomy 6: 4-9

 שְׁמַע יִשְׂרָאֵל יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ יְהוָה אֶחָד.

Sh'ma Yisra'el YHWH Eloheinu, YHWH echad.
Hear, Israel, YHWH (is our Elohyim), YHWH is One.


Hebrew

Barukh Shem k'vod malkhuto l'olam va'ed.
Blessed be the Name of His glorious kingdom forever and ever.


 Spoken, immediately following the Sh'ma.

Often spoken in English or native language.


Hebrew
V'ahav'ta eit Adonai Elohekha b'khol l'vav'kha uv'khol naf'sh'kha uv'khol m'odekha.
And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.


Hebrew
V'hayu had'varim ha'eileh asher anokhi m'tzav'kha hayom al l'vavekha.
And these words that I command you today shall be in your heart.


Hebrew
V'shinan'tam l'vanekha v'dibar'ta bam
And you shall teach them diligently to your children, and you shall speak of them


Hebrew
b'shiv't'kha b'veitekha uv'lekh't'kha vaderekh uv'shakh'b'kha uv'kumekha
when you sit at home, and when you walk along the way, and when you lie down and when you rise up.


Hebrew
Uk'shar'tam l'ot al yadekha v'hayu l'totafot bein einekha.
And you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be for frontlets between your eyes.


Hebrew
Ukh'tav'tam al m'zuzot beitekha uvish'arekha.
And you shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.


(Continuation of also Deuteronomy 11: 13-21 and Numbers 15: 37-41)

 
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